Lathe machining is a part of mechanical processing. There are two main types : one is to fix the turning tool to process the unformed workpiece during rotation, and the other is to fix the workpiece, and the turning tool ( Tool holder) for precision machining with horizontal and vertical movement. Drills, reamers, reamers, taps, dies and knurling tools can also be used on the lathe for corresponding processing. Lathes are mainly used for machining shafts, disks, sleeves and other workpieces with rotating surfaces. They are the most widely used machine tools in machinery manufacturing and repair plants.
CNC lathe machining usually consists of control system, servo system, detection system, mechanical transmission system and other auxiliary systems.